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100 Year Flood
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' ...Palm Coast has been designed to withstand what is termed 'the 100 year Flood'.
From:  Richard Vaughan, director of environmental affairs for the ITT Community Development Corporation
The PalmCoaster, Volume 11, Number 1, Winter/Spring, 1982,  Front Cover Page, p 1., p  13.
 

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Hurricane in Palm Coast? Not Likely

Like reports of Mark Twains' death, reports of Florida hurricanes too have been greatly exaggerated.

Over the years people have become accustomed to thinking of hurricanes as the exclusive property of Florida. One reason might be that the National Hurricane Center is headquartered in Miami. Almost every hurricane news report originates in Miami, regardless of where the storm is located, be it 50 miles or 2,000 miles from Flroida.

What is a hurricane? it's a large tropical cyclone with winds of at least 74 miles per hour, generally accompanied by heavy rains and high tides. The great spiral clouds of an average hurricane cover an area several hundred miles in diameter, although the area hit by the highest winds- those over 74 miles per hour-may only be 30 to 100 miles in diameter.

Hurricanes form over warm , tropical ocean areas and move to higher lattitudes like great spinning tops. Their movement is quite erratic. They can suddenly change directions, make loops, slow up or stop-and later move at 10 to 20 miles per hour. This forward speed of the hurricane system increases the fury of the circular winds flowing around the hurricane's eye, or center.

The north American hurricane season runs from June 1 to November 30, with most storms occuring in August, September and October.

The North Florida area isn't immune to direct hits by hurricanes-no part of the United States' gulf coast or eastern coastline is. But weather bureau records show that chances of a hurricane striking the Palm Coast region are considerably less than in most other coastal areas of the state and nation. Meteorologist Fred Crosby of the National Weather Service says,"the configuratioin of the coastline and the region's latitude help explain the area's relatively hurricane free record, which is based on the tracks of previous storms."

"During the early stages of a tropocal storm," says Crosby, 'The movement is generally from the east to the west. The direction gradually changes...this movement pattern would reduce the probabiltiy of one of them directly hitting the northeast Florida coast."

Looking at the past 100 years, Flagler and Volusia counties hold an envious distinction neither county ever received a direct hit from a full hurricane moving directly in from the ocean.

Although a total of 19 hurricane's occuring during the 100-year period have posed serious threats and five have actually passed over the area, in each case those storms had already been over land for a number of hours and were greatly weakened in force and without the beach damage caused by ocean storms.

The last hurricane to afffect Palm Coast was Hurricane David, which brushed the area in early September, 1979. David's highest wind gust recorded in Palm Coast was 59 miles per hour, and though it did drop 4.16 inches of rain over a 48 -hour period, no flood-related water damage occurred. One of the main reasons damage did not occur is because Palm Coast has been designed to withstand, what is termed, "the 100-year flood." That, says Richard Vaughan, director of environmental affairs for ITT Community Development Corporation, means a flood that statistically could occur once in a hundred years could hit Palm Coast and no flood water would enter the houses.

Here is a probablity table based on National Weather Service data showing the chances of hurricane making landfall at varioius Gulf of Mexico and Eastern Seaboard areas:

Probability of Tropical Cyclone Making Direct Landfall during any given year:

Coastline areas:

Corpus Christi, Texas 1 : 8

Galveston, Texas 1 : 5

New Orleans, Louisiana 1 : 5

Pensacola, Florida 1 : 5

Apalachiocola, Florida 1 : 6

Tampa- St. Petersburg, Florida 1 : 10

Miami, Florida 1 : 6

Palm Coast, Florida 1 : 14

High and Low Temperatures in Palm Coast during December and January.

( As recorded by the Palm Coast Weather Bureau, Office of Environmental Affairs)

Date, High, Low

Dec.

1 84, 61

2 64 59

3 65 43

4 73 38

5 73 41

6 65 36

7 70 46

8 76 38

9 65 37

10 51 32

11 53 26

12 70 28

13 67 34

14 79 47

15 75 62

16 62 39

17 65 31

18 67 50

19 73 26

20 60 34

21 66 38

22 74 40

23 83 64

24 83 57

25 80 59

26 74 56

27 74 60

28 69 61

29 79 61

30 64 58

31 82 62

January

1 69 57

2 71 57

3 80 57

4 77 69

5 60 41

6 75 41

7 83 56

8 69 58

9 65 48

10 59 26

11 42 26

12 49 20

13 70 47

14 70 51

15 53 27

16 69 30

17 55 38

18 72 40

19 77 43

20 79 46

21 80 50

22 76 50

23 81 56

24 70 40

25 62 33

26 58 43

27 61 35

28 60 40

27 61 35

28 60 40

29 71 40

30 75 50

31 85 53

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RICHARD DUGGER VAUGHAN   |   Visit Guest Book
 
Richard Dugger Vaughan, Rear Admiral, U. S. Public Health Service (Ret.), 83, died peacefully at home in Ormond Beach, FL, on May 28, 2010. Services will be held in Ormond Beach, Wednesday, June 2…2:00 PM…St. James Episcopal Church, 44 S. Halifax Avenue. Viewing will be Tuesday, June 1…5:00 to 7:00 PM…Lohman Funeral Home, 733 Granada Avenue. Burial will take place at Arlington National Cemetery. Born in Evanston, Illinois to Beatrice and Merlin Vaughan, he spent his early years in Miami, FL…later graduating from Montgomery Blair High School in Silver Spring, Md. He served in the U.S. Army during World War II. In 1951, holding a Bachelor of Civil Engineering degree from Georgia Tech, Dick began a distinguished career in Environmental Engineering with the Public Health Service, rising to the rank of Assistant Surgeon General before retiring in 1971. He held Master of Civil Engineering and Master of Public Health degrees from the University of Michigan, and was a Diplomate of the American Academy of Environmental Engineering. Retirement brought him to the Halifax area as an executive with ITT Palm Coast. Dick and his wife, the former Laura M. Henderson of Sarasota, FL, became active in community affairs, with Dick serving as President of Civic Music and the Daytona Playhouse and as a member of Seaside Music Theater's Advisory Board. He enjoyed being in musicals. Civic duties included the Board of Visitors for Embry-Riddle University and chairing the City of Ormond Beach Environmental Advisory Board. He served as Commodore of the Halifax River Yacht Club in 1999, later becoming Chairman of the Building Committee. He was a member of the Museum of Arts and Sciences and the Art League. He is survived by his wife Laura; son Robert, his wife Debbie and son Noah; daughter Cynthia Simmons, her husband Bruce, and children Jennifer, Steven, and Christine; daughter Kathryn Cejner, her husband Steve and children Blake and Lauren; sister Barbara Long, her son Curt and his wife of Pensacola, FL: beloved dog, Luvy; his adopted Simmons and Koch families; and the children of Children's Musical Theatre Workshop. In lieu of flowers, donations may be made to Special Olympics or to Children's Musical Theatre Workshop of Ormond Beach. Friends may send condolences www.LohmanFuneralHomes .com. Arrangements are under the careful supervision of Lohman Funeral Home Ormond.
 

We remain Stewards of all this information, hoping for a Museum like Flagler Beach already has, hoping for a Certified Local Government like so many Florida Cities already are.